Sexual Health Tests

7 STD Profile from 1 Sample


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Product Description

7 STD Profile from 1 Sample

Chlamydia is the most common STI, and around one in every 12 people tested find they are positive. In most cases, Chlamydia shows no symptoms yet if undiagnosed and untreated it can lead to serious health problems such as infertility. In fact, it’s the leading easily preventable cause of infertility in the UK and possibly worldwide.

Gonorrhoea is a less common STI in the UK than chlamydia, genital warts or genital herpes, but over 16,500 new cases of gonorrhoea were reported in 2008. Young men and women aged 16-24 are the most affected: in 2008, they accounted for 47% of new gonorrhoea diagnoses. Typical symptoms are an unusual discharge from the vagina or penis and pain when urinating.

Genital herpes is a chronic STI caused by the herpes simplex viruses (HSV). There are two types of HSV, Type 1 and Type 2: both types are highly contagious and can be passed from one person to another by sex (oral, vaginal and anal) or by direct contact with the infected area. Over 80% of those who carry the virus are unaware they have the infection because there are often no symptoms. Even if there are no symptoms the virus it can be passed from one person to another, making testing essential for diagnosing and treating the problem.

  • HSV-1 can cause similar sores in the genital area, but can also cause infections of the mouth and lips – often known as ‘cold sores’.
  • HSV-2 causes sores on the genitals and is generally only transmitted via sexual contact with another person who has the genital HSV-2 infection.

Trichomonas vaginalis is also called trichomoniasis or shortened to TV. Trichomoniasis is one of the most common STIs, meaning that you may not have had many sexual partners to catch the infection. It is caused by caused by a single-celled parasite Trichomonas vaginalis and often has no signs over several years, making testing the only way to know if you have the infection.

While a large number of people may have the infection, only 30% show any noticeable symptoms. The most common symptoms include mild irritation and redness of the genitals (in both men and women) to severe inflammation, which can increase the chance of contracting HIV. Pregnant women with Trichomoniasis are also more likely to have premature births and have babies that have lower birth weights.

Mycoplasma hominis is a living organism common in almost all humans, residing in the urinary and genital tracts of both men and women. It usually causes no adverse symptoms and is not classes as a classic STI, yet sudden growth of large cultures can cause symptoms such as painful urination, pain during sex or painful discharge. Some people more than others, such as those with weak or suppressed immune systems or people who have contracted HIV, are more likely to develop an infection. In certain, rare cases the infection can spread to beyond the genitals, affecting organs which can lead to further health complications.

Ureaplasma Urealyticum is a bacterium that resides in the urinary tract of both men and women: it is not considered a traditional STI but can be passed through sexual activity or contact with the genitals. Outbreaks or rapid expansion are usually treated with a single dose of antibiotics.

Generally it is advised that the Ureaplasma infection is not harmful and does not causes serious complications or symptoms in humans and that a large portion of the population it causes no problems. However severe symptoms or rapid expansion or large cultures of the infection can cause irritation and lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in women, resulting in infertility.

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